Bed bugs feed exclusively on blood and may survive a year without eating. They are attracted to body warmth and carbon dioxide.
Signs of infestation
A more accurate way to identify a possible infestation is to look for physical signs of bed bugs. When cleaning, changing bedding, or staying away from home, look for:
Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses caused by bed bugs being crushed.
Dark spots (about this size: •), which are bed bug excrement and may bleed on the fabric like a marker would.
Eggs and eggshells, which are tiny (about 1mm) and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow larger.
When not feeding, bed bugs hide in a variety of places. Around the bed, they can be found near the piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.
If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:
In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
In drawer joints.
In electrical receptacles and appliances.
Under loose wall paper and wall hangings.
At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.
Even in the head of a screw.
Since bed bugs are only about the width of a credit card, they can squeeze into really small hiding spots. If a crack will hold a credit card, it could hide a bed bug.
Bed Bug Behavior and Habit
Understanding the behavior of bed bugs (how they eat, live, and reproduce) will help you to find an infestation before it becomes established and to monitor for the presence of bed bugs after your home has been treated.
Appear to prefer to feed on humans, but will feed on other mammals and birds as well.
Will readily travel 5-20 feet from established hiding places (called harborage) to feed on a host.
Even though they are primarily active at night, if hungry they will seek hosts in full daylight.
Feeding can take 3-12 minutes.
The rusty or tarry spots found on bed sheets or in bug hiding places are because 20% of the time adults and large nymphs will void remains of earlier blood meals while still feeding.
Bed bugs need at least one blood meal before the individual bug can develop to the next of the six life stages.
They can feed more than once.
Each stage also requires the molting of skin.
To continue to mate and produce eggs, both males and females must feed at least once every 14 days.
Each female may lay 1 to 3 eggs per day and 200-500 eggs per her lifetime (6-12 months but could be longer).
Egg-to-egg life cycle may take four to five weeks under favorable conditions.
Bed bugs can survive and remain active at temperatures as low as 7°C (46°F), but they die when their body temperatures reaches 45°C (113°F).
To kill bed bugs with heat, the room must be even hotter to ensure sustained heat reaches the bugs no matter where they are hiding.
Common bed bugs are found almost anywhere their host can live.
Tropical bed bugs (Cimex hemipterus) require a higher average temperature than the common bed bug and are found in tropical and subtropical areas.
Bed Bug Treatment
Many pesticides that claim to kill bed bugs can take weeks to work and are not 100% effective. You can spend many thousands of dollars trying to rid bed bugs using cheap pesticides and by throwing out bedding and other household items. By using our tent fumigation treatment, we can kill the bed bugs in all life stages within a day not weeks with 100% guarantee and by not throwing out your household items. This method saves you money and time.